A UNESCO world heritage site, Pattadakal is a short drive away from Badami.

Pattadakal Temples

Located on the banks of Malaprabha river, Pattadakal was the historical location where Chalukya kings were crowned, as it was considered a holy place.(also supported by the inscription ascribed to Kirttivarman II, the last early chalukyan ruler). Vijayaditya was the first ruler to be crowned here.The complex consists of 7 temples inside the area cordoned off the ASI and 2 temples outside.

Temple Layout – Pattadakal

Source: Badami, Aihole & Pattadakal, George Michell

The main temples of interest are:

Galaganatha temple

Galaganatha Temple – Pattadakal

An exact copy of the Svarga bramha temple in Alampur – Andhra Pradesh, this temple stands out because of its beautifully preserved Nagara style tower and unique image of Shiva wearing a garland of skulls and spearing the demon adhalaka.

Shiva spearing adhalaka – Galaganatha temple, Pattadakal

Sangameshvara temple

Sangameshvara Temple – Pattadakal

Started by king Vijayaditya, this temple was unfinished during his reign and was probably completed by a later chalukya king. The large proportions of this temple along with its beautiful windows and wall panels makes it a very good example of dravidian style architecture.

Sangameshvara Temple – Pattadakal

Virupaksha temple

Built to commemorate Vikramaditya II’s victory over Pallavas, this temple is the highlight of Pattadakal and depicts the best of early chalukyan art & architecture. This is the only functioning temple in the entire complex and is a grand statement of Chalukyan architecture.

Trivikrama – Virupaksha Temple, Pattadakal

Panels on the exterior walls are filled with images of various hind gods & goddesses and each window is carved in a different design.

Lord Shiva emerging from Linga – Virupaksha Temple, Pattadakal

The pillars of the main halls are richly detailed with stories from the Epics of Ramayana, Mahabharatha and other Hindu scriptures.

Mahabhartaha Pillar – Virupaksha Temple, Pattadakal

The idol of Durga killing mahishasur is place in a small niche next to the main sanctum sanctorum and is one of the best idols that we have seen.

Mahishasuramardhini – Virupaksha Temple, Pattadakal

Mallikarjuna  temple

Built by Trilokamahadevi to honor her husband’s victory over Pallavas, this temple is a smaller version of the Virupaksha temple – similar in design and art work.

Mallikarjuna Temple – Pattadakal

Papanatha  temple

Walk towards the river bank in front of Virupaksha temple and to your left, you will see a well maintained complex, which is the Papanatha temple.

Papanatha Temple – Pattadakal

The ceiling panels in the hall have been given a lot of attentions and the image of dancing shiva is well preserved.

Dancing Shiva – Papanatha Temple

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This is a sub post in the Explore Badami post. Please do read the main post for more information.